DEXA bone density scan

DEXA Bone Density Scan
Evaluate for osteoporosis due to calcium loss which is a silent progressive disease characterized by decrease in bone density and increased bone fragility.
Women are at greatest risk. One-third of women over age 50 have osteoporosis.
After menopause, a woman’s risk of suffering a spine or femur fracture is 3 times that of a man.
Early detection and intervention is crucial.

Most common causes of calcium loss are:

Early menopause
Over age 50
Reduced calcium intake
Thin and small framed
Drugs such as cortisone
Endocrine treatment for prostate cancer
Treatments for obesity in adults and children